What is File System & Difference Between FAT32 vs NTFS vs exFAT File Systems?

Difference Between FAT32 vs NTFS vs exFAT File Systems

The Internet is full of information and Computer is one of the tools used everyday to store data, access the Web and do a lot of other things. Whenever you are about to format any of your drives, such as SD Card, Local Disks, USB Drives, etc. Windows, certain options will pop up in front of you, such as FAT32, NTFS, and exFAT. But, sadly, the popup isn't going to show you the difference, so we're going to give you a detail difference between all these file variations.

Computers are very important in everyday life! Without a machine, several tasks can take much longer to complete when completed manually than it takes to complete on a machine. Nonetheless, there are a variety of complicated settings in the machine operating system that need to be taken care of!

What is File System?

A lot of data needs to be processed on a computer. All this data must be organized in an order such that it can be processed whenever it is requested. The File System is responsible for storing all the data on your device in the drives where the data is stored. This File System can decide how the data is stored on your drive and what sort of information can be added to each file.

There are three popular file systems that can be used on different operating systems. They are:

1. FAT32 (File Allocation Table). 2. NTFS (New Technology File System). 3. exFAT (Extended File Allocation Table).

Below, we have discussed each File System in detail. So stay tuned to know which File System to choose and when!

Comparison in the Performance of FAT32 ,exFAT and NTFS

FAT32 vs NTFS vs exFAT? (Difference)

1. FAT32

FAT32 stands for File Allocation Table. This File System is derived from FAT16, which was its earlier version. FAT32 has been on the market since Windows95 was introduced to the market! Even today, most of the flash drives which you purchase are formatted with FAT32 File System.

Some of the features of FAT32 File System include-

1. It is compatible with old as well as modern computers. 2. Also, it is compatible with almost every version of all the operating systems. 3. FAT32 also provides with a USB support. 4. It is the default File System for Windows Operating System.

When to choose FAT32 File System?

1. Since it is highly compatible, you can choose it to work on all versions of Windows, Mac, game consoles, Linux, etc. 2. If you do not have to transfer files greater than 4GB in size. 3. If your USB drive is less than or equal to 32GB and can be stored without any security.


NTFS stands for New Technology File System. This File System was released with the WindowsNT Operating System in the year 1993. This File System was developed to overcome the size limit for the drives. It has been specially designed for the Windows Operating System.

Some of the features of NTFS File System include-

1. The most useful feature of this File System is that it provides with Security support which was missing the FAT32. 2. It can recover errors such as crashes, shadow copies for backups, encryption, disk quota limits, hard links, etc.

When to choose NTFS File System?

1. For drives larger than 32GB in size. 2. If you are using a flash drive to boot your computer’s Operating System. 3. To transfer files greater than 4GB in size. It was restricted to 4GB in FAT32 File System.

3. exFAT

exFAT stands for Extended File Allocation Table. It is derived from FAT32 but has some additional features which enhance its functionality and user experience. This File System has features which are superior to those of NTFS. It is highly recommended for external devices.

Some of the features of exFAT File System include-

1. Even this File System allows drivers to have large space. 2. It works efficiently on Windows Operating System. 3. exFAT File System can be accessed on Linux Operating System with some additional software.

When to choose exFAT File System?

1. For creating partitions which are larger than 32GB in size. 2. To transfer files greater than 4GB in size. It was restricted to 4GB in FAT32 File System.


1. FAT32- If the USB drive is smaller than 32GB. Also, if the data can be stored without any security should be formatted in FAT32.

2. NTFS- If you are using a flash drive to install Windows software or transfer files larger than 4GB.

3. exFAT- If the USB drive you are using is running on Windows or Mac and also if you are transferring files larger than 4GB.

This is all you need to know about all three File Formats. You can now decide which File System is suitable for your computer.

So this is all about FAT32 vs NTFS vs exFat Difference. Will you let us know if you need one of those informative articles? We're out there for you. If we've missed some important details, so please let us know in the comments section below.

Comparison in Speed of Read-Write of NTFS, exFAT and FAT32

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